DANUBE DELTA – the only Delta in the world
Danube Delta – the only Delta in the world, declared a biosphere reserve;
Year of establishment: 1990; Area 580000 ha – 2.5% of Romania’s surface – 22nd place between the world’s deltas and 3rd place in Europe, after the Volga and Kuban
One of the largest wetlands in the world – as a habitat for waterfowl; The largest compact area of reeds on the planet; A living museum of biodiversity, 30 types of ecosystems
A bank of natural eyelashes, of inestimable value for the universal natural heritage
The Danube Delta currently offers over 50% of Romania’s fish production. Among the most widespread fish species in the Danube Delta there is: Carp, Catfish, Pike, Carasul, Flax, Prawn, Perch, Oblets
Pike – February, March and October – November; Sleep-summer, especially in July, September, October, November; Crap-September – October; Perch – the whole fishing season, especially in autumn; Caras- June – October; Caracuda June – October; Avat-the whole season, especially autumn; Biban- all year round, except for the prohibition period, and the most favorable moments are the autumn months; Rosioara – June – October; Talk – June – October.
The Administration of the Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve manages the fishery resource in the public domain of the state.
The capitalization of renewable natural resources, terrestrial and aquatic, from the economically recoverable areas of the public domain of national interest will be made by direct entrustment to authorized individuals or their associations whose permanent domicile or headquarters is located on the reservation , under the conditions established by the Reservation Administration.
On the territory of the Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve, commercial fishing is practiced in the lake complexes, the Danube and its arms, the Razim-Sinoie lagoon complex and the coastal area of the Black Sea up to the 20 m isobath.
Recreational / sport fishing in the perimeter of the “Danube Delta” Biosphere Reserve is based on recreational / sport fishing permits Animal husbandry – the other branch of agriculture – is an old occupation of the local population on the territory of the Reserve. Animal husbandry, along with fishing, is the main source of income
Tulcea is the first gateway to the Danube Delta and the most important city of Dobrogea. It is also called the city of the seven hills, all opening to the Danube. In Tulcea you can visit the Danube Delta Museum of Natural Sciences, which was founded in 1950 and in which there are, in addition to specific collections, an aquarium, the Asian mosque, built in the nineteenth century, the Museum of Folk Art or the Aegyssus Fortress located on Monument Hill.
Murighiol is 36 km away from Tulcea, between Razim Lake and the right bank of the Sfantu Gheorghe Branch. The town was documented for the first time in 1543. If you reach Murighiol, it is worth visiting the Razim-Sinoe Lagoon, Murighiol Lake, the ruins of the small ancient town of Halmyris (from the I-IV centuries AD, today it can be admired the massive wall of defense, Roman baths, towers and gates), the ruins of the Paleo-Christian church, the Halmyris monastery, as well as the salt lakes declared natural reserves, which are true sapropelic mud pools.
As in many other localities in the Danube Delta, in Murighiol, carp fishing, pikeperch and catfish on the Sfantu Gheorghe arm, or pike on Chiril, Uzlina and Onofrei lakes, but also hiking, are the basic activities for tourists.
Jurilovca is located in the Babadag plateau, almost 90 km from Constanta and 55 km from Tulcea and was founded by the Lipovans at the beginning of the 18th century. At the end of the 19th century, this place had developed so much that it had become an important fishing center in the Danube Delta area. Today, the commune is the largest fishing community in the Delta, a center for collecting and processing fish, but also a real tourist attraction. Specific to the area are the houses of the Russians-Lipovans, with white and blue colored facades, with thatched roofs and a traditional bathroom, separate from the house. Jurilovca is very well known by tourists because it is located on the shores of Lake Razim and is the starting point to Gura Portitei (between Lake Golovita and the Black Sea). In fact, from Jurilovca there is a boat that makes three trips a day on the Jurilovca – Gura Portitei route. Here you can visit the Ruins of the Greco-Roman Fortress Argamum, Gura Portitei beach, Lunca tourist complex, Dolosman Cape or Iancima Cape.
The typical fishing village Mila 23, located right in the center of the Danube Delta, still retains the charm and picturesque villages of the past, with all its old traditions, preserved and carried on by the young people. Access to the village of Mila 23 is made only on water, the distance from Tulcea being 54 kilometers. Around it are numerous canals and lakes (Fortuna, three Iezere, Ligheanca, Bogdaproste, Olguta, Sontea and Radacinos), offering tourists who arrive here the opportunity to spend unforgettable moments in the company of pelicans, cormorants, albatrosses and egrets.
The locality of Sfantu Gheorghe is “at the end of the world”,, between Crisan and Sulina, on the arm of Sfantu Gheorghe. It is very beautiful and has the beach with the finest sand on the entire Romanian coast. Tourists have the opportunity to see here, both the Danube and the Black Sea – it is the only town from which you can see together stretches of water. The village enjoys the presence of most bird species that populate the area, but also the largest areas of reeds, willows, rushes and water lilies.
Sfantu Gheorghe is an old fishing village, which was engaged in the construction of specific boats (kayak, boat or mahuna) and fishing.
photos and video by Dragos Asaftei
TULCEA County Council
Phone: +40 240 502 200